The years from 1642 were ones of turbulent civil war and religious discord throughout the British Isles.
The Scots Guards (SG) is a regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army. The Scots Guards trace their origins back to 1642 when, by order of King Charles I, the regiment was raised by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll for service in Ireland, and was known as the Marquis of Argyll’s Royal Regiment.
The 1st Battalion took part in the expedition 1882 to Egypt under Sir Garnet Wolseley to suppress the revolt of Arabi Pasha.
The 1st Battalion, thirty officers and 1,088 other ranks strong, sailed for Cape Town and was soon in action at Modder River.